Grenada is the most southerly of the Windward Islands, about 100 mi (161 km) from the Venezuelan coast. It is a volcanic island traversed by a mountain range, the highest peak of which is Mount St. Catherine. Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of nutmeg and mace crops of which Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters.
The island country of Grenada, comprised of the main island also named Grenada and several smaller islands, is surrounded by the sparkling waters of the southeastern Caribbean. Grenada's location in the Caribbeans is northwest of Trinidad and Tobago; northeast of Venezuela; and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The entire land mass of this small island country is only about 344 sq.km. (or just under 133 sq.mi.) .
Grenada is an independent nation within the British Commonwealth, under the rule of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, who is acting Head of State. However, her local representative is the Governor General, Dr. Cecile La Grenade, who was appointed by the Prime Minister, Dr. The Right Hon. Keith Mitchell, the acting Head of Government.
Grenada is known as "Spice Island" for its native supply, production, and export of spices. While nutmeg is its primary crop, representing 20 percent of the world's supply (second only to Indonesia), Grenada also exports allspice, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, mace, and orange/citrus peels. Grenada has also begun cultivating organic cocoa and making it into finished cocoa bars.
Because hurricanes in 2004 (Ivan) and 2005 (Emily) severely damaged the nutmeg crop and the industry has still not fully recovered, Grenada has ramped up its tourist industry. Tourism has become Grenada's primary economic source of income, attracting visitors to its pristine beaches and numerous water sports, and offering docking for cruise ships.
Essential Facts About Grenada
- The largest and main island of Grenada is also named Grenada, the smaller islands are Carriacou, Petit Martinique, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island, and Frigate Island.
- The capital of Grenada is St. George's, on the main island of Grenada.
- The official language of Grenada is English, but other languages commonly spoken on the smaller islands areGrenadian Creole English and Grenadian Creole French.
- Grenada operates as a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, governed by the Queen of England, Elizabeth II.
- After a government coup in 1983, fears of Grenada becoming a fueling place for Cuban and Soviet planes on their way to deliver weapons to insurgents led to the United States invading the island country to restore power.
- Grenada, nicknamed "Spice Island," is world-renowned for its production of nutmeg and mace, for which Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters.
- Hurricanes Ivan in 2004 and Emily in 2005 severely damaged Grenada's nutmeg industry, forcing the nation to improve and expand its tourist industry to compensate for the hit on their economy.
The Caribbean island nation of Grenada has a tropical climate, remaining nearly constant throughout the year between about 20° to 30°c (about 62° to 92°f), although the average temperature is about 24°c (75° f). Grenada averages over 200 hours of sunshine per month, but also sees a significant amount of rainfall from the summer months through November. During that time, the average monthly rainfall ranges from about 225 to 275 mm (8 to 10 in).
The official currency of Grenada is the Grenadian East Caribbean Dollar, which is issued and managed by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, and denoted by the $ currency sign and its ISO 4217 Code, XCD.
The East Caribbean Dollar is divided into 100 smaller units called Cent. Coins include denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, and 25 cents, as well as 1 dollar and 2 dollar coins.
Bank note denominations are 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 dollar bills.
One East Caribbean Dollar is roughly equivalent to EUR 0.282, CAD 0.370, GBP 0.229, and USD 0.372.
Religion in Grenada
The predominant religion in Grenada is Christianity, but numerous Christian and other denominations are active: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Baptist, Evangelical, Mennonite, Methodist Christian Scientist, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Seventh Day Adventist, and Jehovah’s Witness.
Study in Grenada
Higher Education in Grenada
Grenada's Minister of Education, Prime Minister Hon. Tillman Thomas, emphasized that students should "adhere to a value system that will help build character and a successful career." To help students realize success, Grenada's educators offer unparalled student support services.
Nearly half of students in Grenada arrive from countries other than the United States; in fact, the student body has represented as many as 97 different countries.
Grenada only has two universities, but one is world-renowned: St. George's University (SGU), reported to have "placed more doctors into first-year US residency positions than any other medical school in the world" as of April 2013. SGU features both medical and veterinary degree programs, as well as non-medical degree programs.
Medical degree programs include the following: Medical Program (Four-Year Doctor of Medicine), Premedical Program, Public Health – Medicine, Research – Medicine, and Nursing.
The veterinary degree programs include the following: Veterinary Medical Program (Four-Year Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), Preveterinary Medical Program, Public Health – Veterinary Medicine, Research – Veterinary Medicine Business – Graduate.
SGU also offers non-medical undergraduate degrees in business, information technology, liberal studies, biology, and management information systems.
The other university is T.A. Marryshow Community College (TAMCC), which offers 46 programs across a wide range of disciplines, including arts, sciences, and technology. The college awards certificates, associate degrees, and baccalaureate degrees.
The tuition fees in Grenada vary, depending on the student's enrollment and selected program at either SGU or TAMCC. Average tuition, however, is about $25,000 per term at SGU.
Eligibility for Study Visas
Students studying abroad in Grenada need to have a study visa, to allow them to reside in the country and pursue their studies.
Why Study in Grenada?
Who wouldn't want to pursue studies at an island school? Everyday would seem like a vacation once class was out for the day and homework completed. Whether enjoying the community college environment and its offerings, or pursuing a prestigious degree at SGU, Grenada offers the ultimate backdrop for studying abroad.